Cute but poisonous ‘pumpkin’ toads new species discovered in Brazil

According to CNN a new species of tiny, neon orange toadlets was discovered in the mountains of Brazil. They’re just under an inch and part of the pumpkin toadlet genus, a collection of tiny, bright-colored toads, according to a study published Wednesday in PLOS ONE.

These toadlets are poisonous and fluorescent, which can be seen with UV light, said study author Ivan Nunes, professor in the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences at São Paulo State University in Brazil.⁠

First believed to belong to an existing species, the toadlet was first found in 2016 in the Mantiqueira mountain range of Brazil, said study author Ivan Nunes, professor in the department of Biological and Environmental Sciences at São Paulo State University in Brazil.
The best moment as a scientist is when you are looking at something and “you are the only person who knows at that moment,” he said.
Originally, it was thought that the toadlet was part of the B. ephippium species, but the study revealed there are actually multiple, similar-looking species of pumpkin toadlets, said Sandra Goutte, postdoctoral associate at New York University Abu Dhabi, who has researched toadlets but was not involved in the study.
The newly identified species of toadlets is poisonous, but their threat to humans is minimal, Nunes said.
Humans can touch them with their bare hands, but they should be careful not to touch their eyes or mouth afterward, he added.
The toadlets secrete a poison called tetrodotoxin, which is the same poison found in fugo fish, Goutte said.
Source; CNN

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